Adventure tourism is a type of tourism, involving exploration or
travel to a remote, exotic and dangerous touristic area. This may include
activities such as mountaineering, trekking, bungee jumping, mountain
biking, rafting, zip-lining and rock climbing. Some extreme forms of
adventure travel include disaster and ghetto tourism. Other rising forms
of adventure travel include social and jungle tourism. Scuba diving at
the Great Barrier Reef in Australia, hang gliding at Rio de Janerio, ski
and snowboarding in Nepal, rock climbing in Spain, mountain tourism in
Greece and white water rafting in Turkey can be some possible recent
travelling options of adventure tourism.
Medical tourism (also called health tourism) is a term describing
the rapidly-growing enormous travelling practice across international
borders to get healthcare. Some typical curing services include surgeries
such as joint replacement (knee/hip), cardiac surgery, dental surgery,
and cosmetic surgeries. Over 50 countries have identified medical
tourism as a national industry. Israel is famous for the Dead Sea, a worldfamous
therapeutic resort. Cuba provides cancer treatment, eye and
cosmetic surgery and addictions rehabilitation. China serves treatments
in cardiology, and neurology. India is famous for alternative medicine.
And Turkey gives one of the best and most affordable treatments in ivf
(in vitro fertilization) known as “test tube baby”.
Space tourism is space travel for recreational, leisure or
business purposes. A number of start-up companies are trying to create
a space tourism industry these days. Orbital space tourism opportunities
are limited and expensive, so only the Russian Space Agency provides
transport by giving people dates in advance. The space tourists paid
incredible, giant amount of money (US$ 20–35 million) for the flights
during the period 2001–2009. Some organizations such as the
Commercial Spaceflight Federation use the term “personal spaceflight”
instead of space tourism.