Atatürk was born in Salonika in 1881. He entered the Military High School in 1895. His maths
teacher gave him the second name ‘Kemal’ (meaning Perfection or Maturity) in Military High School. After finishing his military education, he was assigned to the Fifth Army based in Damascus as a Staff Captain in the company of Ali Fuat (Cebesoy) and Lütfi Müfit (Özdeş).
He had many successes in his military life in Tripolitanian War, Balkan Wars, The First World War and Turkish War of Independence.
He became the first president of Turkey. During his presidency he gave many special occasions as a gift to his nation to celebrate. Children from all over the world come to Turkey every year to celebrate Children’s Festival on 23rd April. On 19th May, 1919 he arrived in Samsun to start the War of Independence. After many years he dedicated that day to Turkish Youth. For Turks, 29th October is the Republic Day.
He ruled Turkish Republic for fifteen years and died on 10th November 1938.