Pigeon are domestic, stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy beak. They live in nests and the nests are made of sticks. Both the sexes incubate their eggs in there nest. They produce crop milk, which is secreted by a sloughing of fluid-filled cells from the lining of the crop. A crop is a thin-walled expanded portion of the alimentary tract used for the storage of food prior to digestion. Both the sexes produce crop milk to feed their young ones.
- Pigeons commonly live to be 15 years old. The record is 33 years.
- The World famous Disney World of Orlando maintains a loft of pigeons. They release hundreds of pigeons in the park daily.
- Pigeons can fly up to 40 or 50 miles per hour and may fly as far as 600 miles a day.
- Pigeons very in size from 7 ounces to well over 3 pounds. The wing span can be as short as 12 inches and as long as three and a half feet.
- The common pigeon was imported by early settlers as food animals and to serve as carriers of messages.
- They are closely related to doves.
- Pigeons are gregarious and tend to be found in small flocks of around twenty to thirty birds.
- They feed on seeds and grains.
- They construct their nest out of small sticks in natural habitat or in buildings.
- They reproduce throughout the year, even during winter, and can raise four or five broods annually. The female usually lays two white eggs and both the sexes incubate their eggs in there nest.
- Incubation takes about 16 to 19 days and the young one are feed with crop milk secreted by a sloughing of fluid-filled cells from the lining of the crop.
- They have colorful, iridescent neck feathers which are called a "hackle".
- Pigeons that are all white are usually albinos.
- Adults have orange or reddish orange eyes. Juveniles that are less than six to eight months old have medium brown or grayish brown eyes.
- They have excellent eyesight, they also can see ultraviolet light – part of the light spectrum that humans can’t see.
- They suck up water, using their beaks like straws.
- They seem to be able to detect the Earth’s magnetic fields. This magnetic sensitivity, along with the ability to tell direction by sun, seems to help pigeons find their way home.