23 Nisan 2013 Salı

WHEN and WHiLE


When - While


When – While aynı anda olan iki olayı aynı cümlede ifade etmek için kullanılır.
I was speaking on the phone.                       My father came.
(Ben telefonda konuşuyordum)                      (Babam geldi)
  

While I was speaking on the phone, my father came.
                 (Ben telefonda konuşuyorken babam geldi.)

When  “olduğu” zaman anlamı katar.
When the car stopped, I got in.
(Araba durduğu zaman ben bindim)

While  “–iken” anlamı katar (mutlaka –ing cümleleriyle kullanılır)
She went out, while I was watching TV.
(Ben televizyon izlerken o dışarı çıktı)

Uyarı 1: Birleştirilen iki cümle arasında zaman uyumuna dikkat edin! Bir cümle geçmiş zamandaysa diğer cümle de geçmiş zamanda olmalıdır.         
 Uyar 2: When - While cümleleri esnektir. When – While lı cümle önce de yazılabilir  da yazılabilir. Anlamda bir değişiklik olmaz.
                  
“When I was ill, my friends helped me.”      “My friends helped me, when I was ill”
 (Hasta olduğumda arkadaşlarım bana yardım etti.)


Complete the sentences by using “when” and “while”
Example :

Dang arrived home. His sister was watching TV.
a.When Dang arrived home,  his sister was watching TV.
b. His sister was watching TV when Dang arrived home             

Using “when”
1. I was riding to the station. I saw him.
a…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
b…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
2. He was sitting in his room. He heard a strange noise.
a…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
b…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
3. He was crossing the bridge. He dropped something.
a…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
b…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
4. You phoned. We were having dinner.
a…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
b…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
5. You called on him. What was he doing?
a…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
b…………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Example :
Dang arrived home. His sister was watching TV.
a. Dang arrived home while his sister was watching TV.
b. While His sister was watching TV , Dang arrived home         

Using “while
1. He went away. The sun was rising.
a…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
b…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
2. Dang was doing his homework. Malee sent for him.
a…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
b…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
3. My father was working in the garden. He saw a big snake.
a…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
b…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
4. I was having a bath. I heard someone shout in the street.
a…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
b…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
5. I was reading the newspaper. Tom called me.
a………………………………………………………………………………………………………
b………………………………………………………………………………………………………







 

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